Tallinn is one of those cities that never fails to make a positive first impression. It has one of the best-preserved medieval towns in Europe and the cobblestone alleyways, slender steeples and keg-shaped bastions could have jumped straight out of the pages of a medieval book. A large chunk of sights in Tallinn are concentrated in and around the medieval Old Town. A Tallinn walking tour is one of the best ways to see these sights, important landmarks and soak in the charming atmosphere. This post includes a map for a self-guided free walking tour of Tallinn. Enjoy your walk! 🙂
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Why Choose This Free Self-Guided Tallinn Walking Tour?
This free self-guided Tallinn walking tour itinerary is perfect if you are short on time and trying to save some money. With our free map, you can follow the route quite easily without having to hire an expensive guide for the day. The tour will take you past the city’s major attractions, landmark public buildings, places of worship, cultural venues, restaurants, and cafes. You’ll also learn a few lesser-known facts about Tallinn along the way.
The tour will take you through the center of Tallinn, principally focusing on the attraction studded areas of the medieval UNESCO World Heritage Old Town and Toompea.
Tallinn Walking Tour Itinerary
I’ve divided this free Tallinn walking tour into a basic and an advanced tour. The basic walking tour covers a total distance of approximately 3.7 kilometers (2.3 miles). This tour starts at the Rotermann Quarter and terminates at the Estonian National Opera. If you feel you’re up for it, you can proceed with the advanced tour in which the main sights are around Kadriorg.
The advanced walking tour adds approximately 4.7 kilometers (2.9 miles) to the basic walking tour. So, the basic and advanced walking tours add up to a total of 8.4 kilometers (5.2 miles). Feel free to take a break if you feel jaded along the way. I have included some cafes and restaurants in the map where you can take a breather and grab a bite. On this Tallinn walking tour, you will see:
- Rotermann Quarter
- Viru Gate
- St. Catherine’s Passage
- Fat Margaret’s Tower
- Three Sisters
- St. Olaf’s Church
- House of the Blackheads
- Great Guild Hall
- Holy Spirit Church
- Town Hall Square
- Town Hall
- St. Nicholas’ Church
- Cathedral of St. Mary the Virgin
- Estonian Knighthood House
- Kohtuotsa Viewing Platform
- Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
- Toompea Castle
- Freedom Monument
- Estonian Drama Theater
- Estonian National Opera
- Kadriorg Park
- Kadriorg Palace
- KUMU Art Museum
- Russalka Memorial
1. Rotermann Quarter
Kick-off your free self-guided Tallinn walking tour in the Rotermann Quarter. The Rotermann Quarter is an area that consists of former decaying factories and warehouses established in the 19th-century by the industrialist Christian Abraham Rotermann. Neglected during much of the Soviet era, in 2007 the district underwent a major redevelopment and is now home to properties that are prime inner-city redevelopment territory.
The local architects got creative by not demolishing these industrial buildings, and just modernized them by adding additional floors and glass windows, which look like glass cubes or spinners. The result is pretty cool and these sleek architectural buildings now house swanky bars, cafés, boutique shops, offices, and restaurants.
Your next stop is the Viru Gate (2) which lies on Viru Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 650 m.
2. Viru Gate
The iconic Viru Gate serves as one of the chief entry points into the Old Town. Its two picturesque, skewed stone towers are one of Tallinn’s major sightseeing attractions and among the most photographed locations that you’ll encounter when exploring Tallinn on foot. The pair of towers that make up the gate date to the 14th century and are surrounded by a stretch of the city wall dating back to the 16th century.
Although Tallinn began life as a fortified Estonian trading post, its urban history only commenced in 1219, when it was conquered by the conquering Danes who built a castle on Toompea Hill. The name “Tallinn” is an abbreviation of the Estonian name Taani Linnus, meaning “Danish stronghold”. However, Tallinn officially bore the Teutonic name of Reval until Estonia’s first period of independence in 1918.
Your next stop is the St. Catherine’s Passage (3). You’ll be walking a distance of 280 m.
3. St. Catherine’s Passage
Next up is St. Catherine’s Passageway, one of my favorite places in the Old Town. It is an enchanting medieval alleyway joining Vene and Müürivahe streets with uneven stone walls and overhead vaulting. I love how it gives you the feeling of stepping back in time. The passage runs along the surviving wall of St. Catherine’s Church, which was built in 1246 and was formerly the largest church in the city.
You can still notice several gravestones here, some dating from the 14th century. Nowadays, the passage is home to an ensemble of arts and craft workshops. You can watch applied artists work with stained glass, ceramics, leatherwork, millinery, and jewelry and check out their wares.
Your next stop is Fat Margaret’s Tower (4) which lies on Pikk Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 650 m.
4. Fat Margaret’s Tower
Out of all of the Old Town’s remaining towers, the Fat Margaret’s Tower is definitely the most outré. This 16th-century tower’s suggestive name comes from the fact that it was the largest part of the city’s fortifications with walls measuring 4 meters thick.
It was initially constructed to defend the harbor as well as to enthrall visitors arriving by sea. Later, the tower was transformed into a prison. It is now home to the Estonian Maritime Museum and features an interesting collection of nautical paraphernalia spread out over four levels.
Tallinn prospered in the 14th and 15th centuries when it was one of the leading members of the mighty Hanseatic League, a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns that dominated trade in Northwestern and Central Europe from the 13th to the 15th century.
Your next stop is the Three Sisters houses (5) which lie a little further down on Pikk Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 60 m.
5. Three Sisters
One of my favorite things to see in Tallinn that I’ve included in this self-guided Tallinn sightseeing tour is ‘The Three Sisters’. They are three adjoining medieval merchants’ houses that are probably the most captivating and best-preserved of the Old Town’s gabled merchants’ houses.
The houses were built in 1362 and were functional mercantile areas, complete with loading hatches and winches to hoist sacks of goods up and down. The houses’ original owners were mainly guild members, town councilors and burgomasters who used the houses to entertain foreign guests. Recently, the houses have been converted into a single luxury hotel in tasteful citrus colors.
Beginning in 1710, Tallinn was part of the Russian Empire for the next two centuries. By the early 19th century, it had established itself as the most fashionable bathing resort in the region, with the elite of St. Petersburg society taking up residence in town for a large portion of the summer. During the Soviet occupation, Tallinn experienced a vast influx of predominantly Russian-speaking workers.
Your next stop is the St. Olaf’s Church (6) which lies on Lai Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 150 m.
6. St. Olaf’s Church
No Tallinn walking tour would be complete without seeing the famous St. Olaf’s (or St. Olav’s) Church. The church was first mentioned in 1267 and named in honor of King Olaf II of Norway, who was canonized for massacring pagans in Scandinavia. Its eye-catching 124-meter spire is a major Tallinn landmark and the church holds a proud place in the city’s history.
According to local lore, the citizens of Tallinn wanted the church to possess the tallest spire in the world in order to attract merchant ships and boost trade. The church’s original 159-meter spire reputedly made it the tallest building in the world until a lightning strike burned it down in 1625. Remarkably, the church was struck by lightning 6 or 8 times and burned down twice between then and 1820. The church underwent extensive renovation in the 19th century and as a result, features a rather drab interior.
The KGB used St. Olaf’s Church’s spire as a radio tower and surveillance point from 1944 until 1991.
Your next stop is the House of the Blackheads (7) which lies on Pikk Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 350 m.
7. House of the Blackheads
This 15th-century House of the Blackheads served as the congregation place of the Brotherhood of Blackheads, an association of unmarried merchants and shipowners. The building’s unusual name comes from St. Maurice, the organization’s patron saint, a dark-skinned Moor whose image can be seen on the front door of the building. Although it’s not as beautiful as its more famous namesake in Riga, I really like the building’s Renaissance facade with its elaborate stone portal and ornately decorated door.
Unlike in Riga, however, the Tallinn Blackheads also served a military purpose and proved themselves as redoubtable adversaries during the Livonian Wars. The Brotherhood survived until the Soviet invasion in 1940, and today the House of Blackheads serves as a venue for regular chamber concerts.
Your next stop is the Great Guild Hall (8) which is just a little further down on Pikk Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 90 m.
8. Great Guild Hall
The Great Guild Hall is one of the most historically significant Hanseatic era buildings that you’ll come across on this free Tallinn walking tour. The Gothic building dates back to 1417 and has retained its original appearance through the centuries, although the windows were restructured in the late 19th century.
The Great Guild Hall served as the home of the most powerful of the city’s guilds, uniting the German-speaking mercantile elite into an organization that effectively controlled Tallinn’s commerce. Its doors were closed to smaller merchants and artisans, who were instead forced to form lesser institutions.
Besides being the gathering place for its members, the Great Guild was also the focus of many of medieval Tallinn’s social events. It was often rented out for wedding parties and court sessions and used to be the starting as well as the endpoint of most festive cavalcades. Today, the building is home to a branch of the Estonian History Museum whose collection of historical artifacts covers Estonian history from the Stone Age to the mid-19th century.
Your next stop is the Holy Spirit Church (9) which is just around the block on Pühavaimu Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 45 m.
9. Holy Spirit Church
The 13th-century Holy Spirit Church (or Holy Ghost Church) is one of the most attractive churches in Tallinn. A small Gothic building with stepped gables, the church served as the Town Hall chapel before becoming the principal church of Tallinn’s Estonian-speaking population. Its whitewashed exterior and stepped gable are topped by a striking Baroque tower. The ornate clock set into the wall above the entrance, with carvings dating from the late 17th century, is Tallinn’s oldest public clock.
The interior of the church is as spectacular as its exterior and features a treasure trove of religious artifacts and architecture. One of the reasons why this place holds a special place in Estonian history is because the first Estonian-language catechisms were formulated here in 1535 following the Reformation.
Your next stop is the Town Hall Square (10). You’ll be walking a distance of 150 m.
10. Town Hall Square
The gently sloping Town Hall Square is undoubtedly one of the best things to see when visiting Tallinn. The square lies in the heart of the Old Town and has, for centuries, served as a marketplace. The cobblestone square is surrounded by an ensemble of pastel-colored medieval houses. Being one of Tallinn’s marquee attractions, the square has become a trademark of both the city and Estonia as a whole, featuring on countless souvenirs and tourist posters.
One of the most august buildings lining the Town Hall Square is the Town Hall Pharmacy, famed for being one of the oldest pharmacies in Europe. The building’s exterior dates back to the 17th century, but there is evidence that a pharmacy existed on the site as long back as the early 15th century.
Your next stop is the Town Hall (11) which lines the south side of the Town Hall Square. You’ll be walking a distance of 50 m.
11. Town Hall
The Town Hall, which dates back to 1404, is one of the most hallowed symbols of Tallinn. It boasts an elegant arcade of Gothic arches and a slender Baroque steeple. The narrow windows and crenelated parapet complete the building’s dignified facade. Don’t forget to spot the waterspouts in the form of green dragons just beneath the roof and the 16th-century weather vane in the form of a stout, spear-wielding sentry near the summit of the steeple.
Your next stop is St. Nicholas’ Church (12) which lies on Niguliste Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 250 m.
12. St. Nicholas’ Church
The next stop on this self-guided Tallinn walking tour is St. Nicholas’ Church, one of the city’s must-see attractions and my favorite of Tallinn’s many churches. This Gothic landmark was originally erected in the 13th century but almost all that remains is from the 15th century. You’ll notice a stone skull and crossbones carving at the entrance to the chapel, near the church’s main door. Stone carving was an important element in Estonian architecture, was largely done in dolomite and sandstone.
The building has served as a museum since it was extensively restored during Soviet times after being damaged by Soviet bombing raids in World War II. It is home to most of Tallinn’s medieval artworks – many of which were destroyed in the Protestant riots of 1524.
According to legend, however, St. Nicholas’ Church escaped being ransacked due to the quick thinking of the church’s warden, who sealed the door with melted lead. The 15th-century frieze Danse Macabre by Bernt Notke is definitely the chef-d’œuvre of the church. Only a portion of the 30-meter original remains.
Your next stop is the Cathedral of St. Mary the Virgin (13) which lies in Toompea on Kiriku Plats. You’ll be walking a distance of 350 m.
13. Cathedral of St. Mary the Virgin
The Cathedral of St. Mary the Virgin (popularly known as Dome Church) is rumored to be the oldest church in Estonia. This cute church was built as a wooden church in 1240 by the Danes and has undergone vast rebuilding over the years. The austere whitewashed Gothic exterior dates from the 14th century, while the beautiful interior boasts an elaborate Baroque pulpit and an organ built in 1878.
Your next stop is the Estonian Knighthood House (14) which lies just across the street on Kiriku Plats.
14. Estonian Knighthood House
The Estonian Knighthood House is one of the prettiest buildings on Toompea Hill. The Neo-Renaissance building was built in 1848 to serve as the headquarters of the knighthood, a major component of the local aristocracy. It was home to the Foreign Ministry during the first independent republic of Estonia, which lasted from 1920 to 1940 and during Soviet times the building housed the Estonian National Library.
Your next stop is the Kohtuotsa Viewing Platform (15) which lies further up on Kohtu Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 180 m.
15. Kohtuotsa Viewing Platform
If you’ve ever seen any pictures of Tallinn, chances are they included a mural saying “The Times We Had”. This mural can be found at Kohtuotsa Viewing Platform which we’ve included in our self-guided walking tour of Tallinn. The Kohtuotsa Viewing Platform is on the hill’s eastern side and from here you are accorded a stunning view of the Old Town’s rooftops and Tallinn’s modern skyline which lies in the background.
Toompea enjoyed its own special rights and privileges until 1878 when it was officially incorporated with the rest of Tallinn.
Your next stop is the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (16) which lies on Lossi Plats. You’ll be walking a distance of 350 m.
16. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
One of the veritable highlights of this Tallinn walking tour is the imposing Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Tallinn’s most striking Russian Orthodox Cathedral. It was built in 1900 when Estonia was under Czarist Russian rule as a reminder to the mainly Lutheran Estonians of their subordinate status during that era. In the late 19th century, Czarist Russia was carrying out a fervent campaign of Russifiying its outer territories.
Loathed by most Estonians at the time for being a symbol of Russification policies, the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was planned to be demolished in 1924, but the plan was never executed. The cathedral is dedicated to the Prince of Novgorod, Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky, who vanquished the Livonian Knights on the banks of Lake Peipsi in 1242.
The cathedral’s Neo-Byzantine exterior is richly decorated in mosaics and icons and its bulging black domes and golden iron crosses are visible through most of the Old Town. The interior is relatively spartan compared to other renowned Orthodox cathedrals but impressive nonetheless.
Your next stop is Toompea Castle (17) which lies just across the street on Lossi Plats.
17. Toompea Castle
Toompea Castle’s placid pink facade belies its history. The castle complex is now home to Riigikogu (Estonia’s Parliament), but for some 700 years, it belonged to various occupying foreign powers. The castle stands on the former site of a 9th-century wooden fortress which was conquered by the Danes in 1219, who built the stone fortifications around the hill, much of which still remain. The structure has been modified by everyone who has conquered it since then and the Parliament building which was built in 1920-1922 is the sole expressionist parliament building in the world.
The northern and western walls of the castle, include three defensive towers, the most laudable of which is the 50-meter tall Pikk Hermann, dating from 1371. These crumbling towers were often depicted in old Soviet films, especially fairy tales.
Your next stop is the Kiek-in-de-Kök Tower (18) which lies on Komandandi Tee.
The Kiek-in-de-Kök Tower was built in 1475 to provide a home for Toompea’s main artillery. It is definitely one of the must-see points of interest on this self-guided Tallinn walking tour. Its 4-meters thick walls made it one of the most impregnable cannon towers in 16th-century Northern Europe.
The tower’s unusual name comes from the Low German expression “to peek into the kitchen”, indicating that sentries had a good vantage point over the adversary. After falling into disuse in the mid-18th century, the tower now houses a museum devoted to Tallinn’s history. The exhibits here include suits of armor, rusty-looking artillery and cannon replicas.
Your next stop is the Freedom Monument (19) which lies in Freedom Square. You’ll be walking a distance of 225 m.
19. Freedom Monument
The Freedom Monument overlooks the Freedom Square, a large open space formerly used for parades on Soviet holidays. It was unveiled in 2009 to commemorate the struggles of the Estonian independence movement of 1918-20 against Germany and Soviet Russia.
The structure comprises of a large cross mounted on a 24-meter high pillar of dimpled glass, and sort of looks like an ice sculpture that’s on the verge of melting – a deliberate effect meant to signify the movement’s fragile nature. It is, however, a slightly controversial piece of work, with some Tallinn natives regarding it as too ostentatious.
Your next stop is the Estonian Drama Theater (20) which lies on G. Otsa Street. You’ll be walking a distance of 400 m.
20. Estonian Drama Theater
No sightseeing tour of Tallinn would be complete without paying a visit to the alluring Estonian Drama Theater. The building’s design blends Art Nouveau with Nordic folk motifs to generate a wealth of rustic features. Its roofs resemble the shingles of village huts, and a frieze of age-old bards looms over the chief entrance. Art Nouveau, being my favorite architectural style, makes this building extra-special.
Originally built in 1910 as a German-language theater, the building was purchased by the Estonian Drama Theater in 1939. The theater’s name was changed to the Tallinn Drama Theatre in the Soviet era in an effort to remove nationalist affinities associated with it. However, in 1989 it reverted to its original name.
Your next stop is the Estonian National Opera (21) which is just around the block on Estonia Puistee. You’ll be walking a distance of 170 m.
21. Estonian National Opera
The hulking Estonian National Opera building casts such a large shadow along the stretch of Estonia Avenue that it’s impossible to overlook. This massive edifice houses the Estonian National Opera and its ballet company in one wing and the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra in another. Set up in 1913 through public donations, the Estonian National Opera was meant to showcase Estonian culture that would rival similar German and Russian institutions in Tallinn.
This concludes the basic Tallinn walking tour. If you wish to continue with the advanced walking tour of Tallinn your next stop will be Kadriorg Park (22). You’ll be walking a distance of 2.5 km.
22. Kadriorg Park
Beloved by Tallinn natives, the sprawling Kadriorg Park is one of the city’s major attractions and is home to several notable landmarks. The park stretches for 1.5 km from its southwest corner to the northeast. With its landscaped gardens, forested paths, statues, and ponds, Kadriorg Park is a gem of a place to explore.
The beautiful Swan Lake is one of the park’s highlights, and its elegant island gazebo is actually mostly enjoyed by swans. If you’re here in summer, you’ll often see plenty of picnickers and sunbathers.
Your next stop is the Kadriorg Palace (23) which itself lies within Kadriorg Park on A. Weizenbergi Street.
23. Kadriorg Palace
Kadriorg Palace is one of the most beautiful places to see in Tallinn. It was built in 1718 under the orders of the Russian Tsar Peter the Great, who intended it to serve as a summer residence for the royal family. It was later named in honor of his wife Catherine. Kadriorg is Estonian for “Catherine’s Valley”.
The palace has an Italian Baroque design with light red walls and a green roof. Determined to honor his wife, the Russian Tsar spared no expense in creating this opulent building. Its main attraction is the ornate Great Hall, which is surely among the finest examples of Baroque architecture in Northern Europe. The palace is now home to the Kadriorg Art Museum which specializes in foreign artworks from the 16th to 20th centuries.
Your next stop is the KUMU Art Museum (24) which also lies within Kadriorg Park on its southeastern side. You’ll be walking a distance of 400 m.
24. KUMU Art Museum
The next attraction on our Tallinn city tour is the KUMU Art Museum, the city’s premier museum. The museum building has been built into a limestone bank at the eastern end of Kadriorg Park and is truly a work of art by itself. Partially underground, this crescent-shaped wedge of Estonian limestone, green-patinated copper and glass juts out from the grassy ridge like a surfacing submarine.
KUMU is the headquarters of the Estonian Art Museum and serves both as Estonia’s national gallery and as a center for contemporary art. Its interior is beautifully designed and the three floors of exhibits trace an eclectic mix of Estonian art from the 18th to 21st centuries.
Your next stop is the Russalka Memorial (25) which lies on Pirita Tee and can be reached by walking through Kadriorg Park. You’ll be walking a distance of 900 m.
25. Russalka Memorial
The final sight of our free Tallinn walking tour is the imposing Russalka Memorial. It was erected in 1902 to commemorate the 177 soldiers who perished when the Russian ship Russalka (or Mermaid) sank en route to Finland in 1893.
The memorial features a bronze angel standing on tiptoe, holding aloft an Orthodox cross in the direction of the Gulf of Finland. The rough granite pillar on which the angel stands evokes turbulent conditions at sea. It is often customary for Russian-speaking couples to lay flowers at the foot of the monument on their wedding day.
What Else to See in Tallinn
There is plenty more to see in Tallinn than what we have covered in our walking tour. Places like the bohemian Kalamaja neighborhood, the trendy Balti Jaam Market and the Tallinn TV Tower deserve to be seen. Check out our post on how to spend one marvelous day in Tallinn. And while you’re at it, why not check out our list of the best hotels and hostels in Tallinn? I have made sure to recommend only the best of the best (in terms of quality and value) 🙂
Now, what do you think? Is there something else that should be added to this Tallinn walking tour? Share your thoughts with us in the comments below!